The COVID-19 infection is the disease caused by the SARS CoV-2 virus, which has been recently discovered and which causes respiratory infections that can be from minor to serious nature. All the information in this webpage has been obtained from the following official sources: the Spanish Immunology Society, the Spanish Health Ministry and the Spanish Society of Infectious Diseases and Clinic Microbiology.
It is considered to be a suspicious case of infection of SARS-CoV-2 anybody with a clinical picture of acute respiratory infection of sudden emergence at any level of severity, showing other symptoms such as: fever, cough, or shortness of breath. Some other atypical symptoms such as odynophagia, anosmia, ageusia, muscular pain, diarrhoea, chest pain or headache among others. These ones can be symptoms of suspicious infection by SARS-CoV-2 according to clinical criteria.
Some people don’t show any symptoms at all or they present a very mild symptomatology.
This disease is spread mainly from one person to another through the small droplets that come from our nose or mouth when coughing, sneezing or speaking. That is why it is so important to keep the social personal distance (at least 2 metres). These droplets fall on objects or surfaces, so that anybody can be infected if they touch these objects and then they touch their eyes. That is why it is so important washing your hands frequently with water and soap or using alcohol-based hand sanitizers.
It is essential to book an appointment and come to the clinic wearing mask.
There are three groups of diagnostic tests for SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID19: The RT-PCR, the antigen tests in blood and breath samples, and the antibody serologic tests. Because of its utility, at Open House we perform antibody serologic tests and the PCR tests, which serve to detect recent and past infections, whether you have symptoms, or if you are an asymptomatic carrier.
Health authorities recommend to confirm the positive results in antibody tests with PCR tests, the technique that finds the genetic matter of the virus.
It is a blood test to check the existence of:
There are two types of antibody serologic tests:
The rapid test:
The precision of this test is of 90’2% after two weeks of the possible exposure to the virus and the results will be available within 20 minutes.
The precision of this test is of 99’9% after two weeks of the possible exposure to the virus and the results will be available within 24-48 hours.
The diagnosis using PCR presents some complexities, but it is a technique of early detection which offers high specificity and sensitivity. It is the right technique for patients with symptoms or with a period of exposure smaller than 14 days, as well as for the patients who need to confirm a positive result in serologic tests. It is also the test of choice if you want to know if you currently have an asymptomatic active infection.
The results are available in 24-48 business hours.